Now schools are under the jurisdiction of municipalities: they are responsible for their creation and liquidation, as well as the maintenance and registration of children. According to Volodin, the transfer to the regional level will solve the problems with the shortage of teachers and the state of schools media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >
< /p> A rural school in the Ivanovo region
In order to improve the situation in the field of school education, it is necessary to shift responsibility for schools from the municipal to the regional level, said State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin in a telegram channel.
“Today, schools belong to the municipal level of government. There are problems: the lack of teachers and the state of the schools themselves. To solve these problems, responsibility for schools must be raised to the regional level,— he wrote.
Volodin also invited subscribers to evaluate this idea by voting.
According to the law “On Education”, the competence of municipal bodies includes the organization of the provision of preschool, school and additional education; creation of conditions for keeping children in educational institutions; creation and liquidation of such organizations (municipalities act as founders); maintenance of buildings and territories of educational organizations; accounting for children to be educated.
September 14, the State Duma unanimously in the second and third readings immediately adopted amendments to the law “On Education”, which introduce unified educational programs in schools instead of exemplary and changes the order of development of textbooks. The draft document was submitted to Parliament on September 8.
Now schools have the opportunity to independently develop programs based on the recommended exemplary and federal state educational standards (FSES). The bill provides for the creation of unified federal basic general education programs (FOOP).
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A unified program on the Russian language, reading and the world around will appear in elementary school. In the middle— in Russian language and literature, history, social science, geography and life safety. For disciplines where exact sciences are studied, such as physics or mathematics, the law does not provide for the creation of unified programs.
Unified programs will be developed by the Ministry of Education by January 1, 2023, and schools will next academic year. The law reserves the right for schools to develop their own educational programs, but their content must be “not lower than the relevant content and planned results”; unified.
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